Plumbing, before going into the basics that one must have in the house to survive the breakage of a pipe we bring you some previous concepts to better understand the work of plumbers and then go into a short review of how plumbing evolved until today and come up with a brief description of some elementary tools.
What is plumbing?
It is an activity or a set of activities that are related to the installation and maintenance of pipes that allow the use of drinking water, as well as the evacuation of wastewater. It comes from the name of the material with which these pipes were built in the past, lead.
Plumbers also called plumbers or in some countries on the continent, plumbers, in addition to installing a pipe, are trained to clean, repair, filter it, whether in the bathroom, in the kitchen, or outside in the open air.
Story Of Plumbing
We must travel to see the first plumbing or plumbing works, where aqueducts began to be built to bring water to the palaces of the emperors and nobility and to the Roman baths, in addition to the construction of sewers.
It is possible to speak of modern plumbing when, in the 19th century, cast iron pipes began to be used to conduct water, which was welded with lead. However, said iron and lead system was prohibited both for drinking water and for wastewater because in the pipes it began to be noticed that due to their wear, lead particles were released that mixed with the water. , causing serious diseases.
Currently, steel welds are used for pipes of this material, solvents for PVC pipes, and even thermodiffusion for some more advanced pipes.
Tools commonly used in plumbing
- Soup or plunger
- Teflon tape
- Parrot break clamp
- Pipe cutter
- Chain wrench
- Stillson key or Grifa key
- Pressure clamp
The best known has a wooden handle and a rubber suction cup. Ideal for clogged drains, bathtubs, and toilets.
Also very common, it is a hand tool used to loosen or tighten nuts and bolts. It has an adjustable opening that allows it to adapt to different measurements.
It is a kind of adhesive tape, which is placed on the threads and union joints, it seals hermetically to prevent water leaks in pipes and stopcocks. Get the joints between pipes, stopcocks, taps, hoses, or others are fixed. Allow no losses to leak out.
Stillson key or Grifa key
It has the same function as the wrench, only that its design allows to adjust parts that the wrench would not be able to do. It is an adjustable wrench used to tighten or loosen very resistant parts. It has teeth shaped like a vise, making it able to hold firmly, without slipping.
Parrot Beak Clamp
It is a variant of the wrench, it is an extendable, more robust plier, very useful for the versatility of functions it can perform, allowing to hold and adjust elements of different thicknesses. They lead to exerting a greater torque with less human force.
It consists of a blade with a serrated edge and is operated by hand or by other sources of energy, such as steam, water, or electricity. Depending on the material to be cut, different types of saw blades are used.
A pipe cutter is a tool used to cut circular tubes at right angles. After making the cut, you may find some irregularities on the edges of the cut tube. Don’t worry, you can remove them with a small file or an irregularity removal tool made for this purpose.
It is the most common tool when it comes to having to make a hole in a hard surface.
It is a type of wrench with a special design that has a shank and a steel pivot where the chain is attached. In addition, they are widely used in tube installations where there is no key for the diameter of the tube to be adjusted.
They are tweezers that can be immobilized with their mouth in a certain position and thus cut, twist, or tear off various objects or materials.
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